An essay that explores the historical origins and early guardian role of the Wabanaki Confederacy. It examines the basic political structure of the Wabanaki Confedercy, diplomatic procedures and ceremonies. The essay also considers some of the major challenges the confederacy faced in war and peace. After a brief discussion of a series of Anglo-Wabanaki treaties, it ends with a critical examination of the problems surrounding the signing of Dummers Treaty. Hammered out between 1725 and 1727, this controversial document became the political pivot of future Anglo-Wabanaki diplomacy and had far-reaching consequences.